Sunday, December 29, 2013

Pyu, Thet and Tristsu, Amalgamation




     Based on the reliable sources, some of them, has been reported on this blog earlier., the ancient Pyu, Thet(Sak)  and Tritsu came from their original abode of northwestern India. Probably there at least four major tribes of people followed him with his army to Iravati and Sarasvati (Chindwin) valley, modern Burma. These are as follow not in order
(a)    Pyu or Pru or Puru
(b)   Thet or Sak or Sakas, Sakyan
(c)    Tritsu
(d)   Yadava or Yadu
It is evident that the Pyu or Pru came earlier , perhaps with, Sakyan Prince Abhiraj. Again the Arab Historian mentioned the people he found living near Sri Ksettra were calling themselves as Tritsu ( Mr. Blagran first mention the name as one of the language of the Rosseta stone (Mra-say-ti or Myazeidi)  inscriptions; which can be found in the following website;  was that of the Tritsu (Tircul). But we have to check again and consider the facts that the great historians might not be meeting and communicating to each one of the peoples. There might as well be some other tribes or clans such as Pyu or Pru or Puru and Thet or Sek or Sak.

Please visit the following link to view Myazeidi stone inscriptions.



 

Refer our champion pioneer Burmese historian of 20th Century, Taw Sein Ko who mentioned that the Chin peoples rather than Sak (thet) followed Pyu and Kanran tribes to found Pagan in first century AD. In fact, in our opinion and evidences available, some of  the Chins themselves are Pyu or Pru or Puru or Pu people.
The Thet or Sak of Burmese history , who, with the Pyu and Kanyan tribes, migrated from Prome to Pagan in the first century A.D., were a Chin tribe. According to the last Census,
Thet was spoken by only sixty-seven persons in the Akyab district.
The Chins are found from northern Arakan to Bassein and from Cape Negrais to the Chindwin valley, with off-shoots in the Henzada, Tharrawaddy, Prome and Thayetmyo districts. {P/22;Taw Sein Ko}

 He also reported that the Pyu and Pu of the Pagan are the same, as
The Pali name for Pagan, the third capital of Burma, is * Pugama,'—the village of the Pu or Pyu tribe. During the 8th century B.C., under the Chou dynasty, Chinese history mentions a barbarian tribe called the ' Puh '. In the 7th century A.D., under the T'ang dynasty, a tribe called the P'iao, Fiu, or Pyu, is also mentioned. As evidenced by the derivation of the name
* Pagan*, the two tribes appear to be identical. {P/22:para-4 ;Taw Sein Ko}

 At this juncture we need some explanation how the word  Pugama has been derived.  From Saskrit and Indian administrative customs the village is called gama or Kye-ywar or ywa-nge in Burmese,and the bigger village or Ywar-gyi as janapad or zanapode in Burmese. Then Pu came from Puru or Pru of the Indian tribe. We would note as:-

Pu stands for Pru or Puru and
gama stands for village or Ywar-nge. 

We can imagine that them the people of ancient Burma are struggling and regrouping. Perhaps Samuda-Raja or Thamudarij has founded a small quarter for the people at the very beginning.


These people must be Pru or Puru of the ancient tribe of India gradually moving from Sindu Valley (Punjab) to modern Burma.

There are living evidences that proved that some of the Chin tribal people are of the Puru or Pru stock as they still bear the family name as Pu. There are quite number of the Chin national bearing “Pu” as their Sir name or family name. To avoid some criticism we would not mention their full names. But the readers my  find them by visiting the following websites.

Some of the picture to view if they, the Chin are indeed same or similar to Burman people.


                                       Chin Girl in traditional dress {Source : Pu Chin Website}
               Chin Nationals performing traditional dance {Source : Pu Chin Website}



Their tradition and customs are also very similar to Burman or Bamar as they are the descendants of the same tribal origin. One of the same tradition Taw Sein Ko highlighted as

Thabye ' (Eugenia)

The sacred tree among the Chins is ' Subri,' called' Sabre ' or ' Thabye ' (Eugenia) by the Burmese, who hold it equally sacred and make use of its leaves in all domestic, State and religious ceremonies.


  သေျပညိဳ

  'သူ႔ေခါင္းမွာလည္း  သေျပညိဳ

တို႔ေခါင္းမွာလည္း  သေျပညိဳ။
တို႔ျပည္မွာ တို႔ေမကမ္းပါတဲ့
သေျပညိဳ ေရႊဘိုပန္းဟာက
လန္းလ်က္ပါကို။
ဘာမေလွ်ာ့ေလနွင့္
လာေတာ့မကြယ့္ ေရႊပဟိုရ္
ေလခ်ဳိကအေသြး။
လင္းၾကက္အေဆာ္
ကြင္းထက္မွာ တူေပ်ာ္ေပ်ာ္နဲ႔
ျပည္ေတာ္ကို ရည္ေမွ်ာ္မွန္းကာပ
ေရာင္နီမွာေအာင္စည္ရြမ္းရေအာင္
သေျပညိဳ ေရႊဘိုပန္းရယ္နဲ႔
လွမ္းခဲ့မယ္ေလး။  ။''
 Saya Min Thu Wun

 {I learned this poem by heart and still can read from my memory and heart. I hope that all tribal peoples of Burma will have success in coming new year 2014. VERYMERRY CHRISTMAS AND HAPPY AND PROSPEROUS NEW YEAR TO ALL. The author, WZMJ}

 The most striking resemblance as embodied in the Dhammathats, (Burmese law-book,) is the pecuniary compensation exacted for all sorts of crime. Even for man- slaughter, no life must be taken, the penalty of not paying a fine being slavery. (Taw Sein Ko:1913:pp;22)

Origin

According to most of the historians the Puru were also living in the Sindu Valley, Punjab, North-western India. Out of numerous texts available we would include that of Buddha Prakesh.

Purushini  River or  Iravati  River or   River Ravi {Native country of Puru or Pru or Pyu}


            The former names of Ravi river are Purushni and Iravati (In northwestern India)

According to ancient history traced to Vedas, the Ravi River was known as Iravati (also spelt Airavati). Another Vedic name was Purushni. Part of the battle of the ten kings was fought on the Parushni River, which according to Yaska (Nirukta 9.26) refers to the Iravati River (Ravi River) in the Punjab

One scholar, Buddha Prakash, Professor of History and of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology, Director of the Institute of Indic Studies (1964); in his book Political and Social Movement in Ancient Punjab states: mentioned that



The Purus settled between the Asikni and the Parusni, whence they launched their onslaught on the Bharatas, and after the initial rebuff in the Dasarajna War, soon regrouped and resumed their march on the Yamuna and the Sarasvati and subsequently merged with the Bharatas, Some of their off-shoots lingered on in the Punjab and one of their scions played a notable part in the events of the time at Alexander's invitation. They probably survived in the Punjab under the name of Puri, which is a sub-caste of the Kshatriyas.[6]  {Ksettria or warrior clan }”

Refer the map of Indus Valley for visualization of the locality of the region.







Saturday, December 28, 2013

The Founding King Abhiraj of Burma and his Origin,relations.



We already known that the Burmese and international renown historians of great learning accepted that the founder of modern Burma or Mramma was the Sakyan or Sak or Thet Prince Abhiraj. So now we are exploring the person Prince Abhi or Abhiraj and his army and people. What was there origin and how they look like, what was there culture, who is there living kin or relatives around the world. Earlier on we have already informed that the origin of the Abita people are in the northwestern part of India, Sind or Sind region, modern Punjab, the land of having five rivers (Punj means five and Ab, water or river).
for better understanding visualization we would refer to the map of Indu river valley again.
                                     Indu or Sindhu River Valley(Source: Internet)
Map of India, Pakistan, Nepal, Burma and neighbours.(Source: Internet)
{Note: Sindu Valley is in Punjab and now partly in India and Pakistan}



Origin 
The Ahirs, also referred to as Abhira or Abhir, are one of the ancient martial tribes of India, who ruled over different parts of India and Nepal, also modern Burma founded by Abhiraj since ancient times.
The word Abhira means "fearless". "Ahir" (Sanskrit Abhira अभीर "fearless").
From the times of the Shakyas, the Kushans and the Scythians (600 BC), Ahirs have been warriors. Some were agriculturists and farmers. Ahirs comprise a subgroup of the Dhangar caste of India. Yaduvanshi - These are prominent in Bihar, Bengal, Maharastra, South India, Uttar Pradesh, Gujrat, Burma, Nepal and Sri Lanka. Nandvanshi - These are prominent in Western UP Utah, Bulandshahar, Agra, Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra, Gujrat, Mathura, Burma, Nepal and Sri Lanka. {Source: The Indian Mirror on Internet}

This statement can also be verified by the great historians of Asia and Europe.
Evidences from the ancient Indian inscriptions (Banerji; Pp 20)
The countries and tribes mentioned in the Allahabad pillar inscription of Samudragupta indicate the limits of the zone of Samudragupta's influence pretty accurately.
Kings of Samatata, Davaka, Kamarupa, Nepala and Kartrpura are mentioned as princes on the
frontiers (pratyanta-nrpati). Of these names only Davaka cannot be definitely located; Samatata
is South-Eastern Bengal, Kamarupa is lower Assam, Nepala is the valley of the same name and
Kartrpura the Kangra valley. Therefore the empire of Samudragupta was bounded on the
East by the Delta of the Ganges and Assam and on the North by the valleys of Nepal and Kangra.
Davaka is generally taken to be Daccan. But according to another theory it may be the ancient kingdom of Tagaung in upper Burma. Therefore the Northern part of the Ganges Delta may have been included in the empire of Samudragupta. In the same place of the Allahabad pillar inscription a number of tribes are mentioned. 1. Malavas, 2. Arjunayanas, 3. Yaudheyas, 4. Madrakas, 5. Abhiras, 6. Prarjunas, 7. Sanakamkas, 8. Kakas and 9. Kharaparikas. (Prof. R.D. Banerji  M.A. Mahindra Chandra Nandy: Professor of Ancient Indian History and Culture, Benares Hindu University. )

 We would also provide more information and evidences from the European historian of of great learning  Dahlaquist, Allan ( 1977)mentioned in “Megasthenes and Indian Religion”  as under:-


In VII.20.5 of Rig Veda, we read:
“The bull has begotten a bull to the fight; he, the man, is born of woman. He who as a general leads the men is a mighty warrior, desirous of combat, courageous,
            This verse refers to Indra; he is said expressly to be senani, “leader of the host”. The Rig Veda thus bears witness that the Indians of Megasthenes’ day could have understood Indra to be the leader of a host, who crossed the Indus at the head of the Yadu and Turvasa (here understand as tribes), crushed all opposition and led them to their new homes.

            I understand Yadu and Turvasa to mean tribes, but mentioned the idea that they may have been ancient kings. On this point we may quote Law, Tribes in Ancient India ‘The Surasenas: “Surasenas claimed descent from Yadu, a hero whose people are repeatedly referred to in the Rif Veda; and it is probable that the Surasenas were included among the Rigvedic Yadus.” Every map of Ancient India agrees with this : Yadu and Turvasa (or Turvasu) are placed in the same area as the Surasenas: the district around Yamuna and Mathura. This is of the greatest interest for the subject of our investigation. The Rig Veda has many references to the remarkably close connection between Indra and the two peoples (or kings) Yadu and Turvasa.
            Another tradition which agrees for the most part with what we have said here is to be found in the Mahabharata. There, Yadu and Turvasu are said to be sons of Yayati, born in Pratishthana, among the Kasi (Mbh. I.83.9). It is true that this does not refer to Indra, but to his friends, but it is perfectly evident that it speaks of the same persons, with irreconcilable basic ideas: one having come from the far side of the Indus, from the west; the other having been born in the east of India, where his descendants lived  on under the name of the Surasenas. We do not need to take up the detailed question of Indra’s special  relations to the Yadu and Turvasu mentioned in the Mdh. What we have already said is sufficient to show that Megasthenes’ statements that Heracles was a migrant, a leader and possibly, that he was born in India, are all perfectly capable of being applied to India. (Dahlaquist, Allan (1977)
The above what we have mentioned can also be counter checked and confirmed by website or blog of the great  respective clan or tribe of these great Kings and their people as follow:-



The Ahirs, also referred to as Abhira or Abhir, also claim descent from Yadu through Krishna, and are identified with the Yadavs. In the 1881 census records of the British empire, Yadavs are identified as Ahirs.

Besides Scriptural origin, historical evidence exists for identifying the Ahirs with the Yadavas. It is argued that the term Ahir comes from Abhira (Behandarkar, 1911; 16), who where once found in different parts of India, and who in several places wielded political power. Ancient Sanskrit classic, Amarkosa, calls gwal, gopa & ballabh to be the synonym of Abhira. A Chudasama prince styled Grahripu and Ruling at Vanthali near Junagarh described in the Dyashraya kavya of Hemachandra, describes him both as a Abhira and a Yadav. Further, in their Bardic traditions as well as in popular stories Chudasmas are still called Ahir Ranas.[ Again, many remains of Khandesh (historical stronghold of Abhiras) are popularly believed to be of Gawli Raj, which archaeologically belongs to the Yadvas of Devgiri. Hence, it is concluded that Yadvas of Devgiri were actually Abhiras. Moreover, there are sufficient number of clans within Yadav, who trace their lineage from Yadu and Lord Krishna, some of which are mentioned in Mahabharata as Yadav Clans, like Gaur, Krishnauth etc. Vātsyāyana also mentions the Abhira kingdoms in the Kama Sutra.
Read more at http://yadavinhistory.blogspot.com/2012/10/relation-to-ahirs-abhirafearless.html#JzWrI103s3EXklBB.99